Ammonium Chloride is commonly used as a buffer solution. It is used in the manufacture of fireworks, safety explosives and smokes. It is used to control pH levels in chemicals, to produce sodium carbonate, as a fertilizer, in electronics and in metallurgy. Also used as a flux for cleaning, as a flavoring agent, as an expectorant in cough medicine and as a systemic acidifying agent. It is widely used as an electrolyte in zinc-carbon batteries. It has application in leather industries for dyeing, tanning, textile printing and to luster cotton.
Soluble in water, methanol, liquid ammonia and acetone. Insoluble in diethyl ether and ethyl acetate.
Hygroscopic. Incompatible with silver nitrate and strong oxidizers.
Safety and Handling
GHS H Statement
Harmful if swallowed.
Causes serious eye irritation.
GHS P Statement
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
Wash thoroughly after handling.
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.
RTECSNumber : BP4550000
TSCA : TSCA