Sodium hydroxide is widely used in variety of large scale applications such as pulp and paper manufacturing, in the production of soap and detergents as well as water treatment. It finds application in the base- driven hydrolysis of esters, amides and alkyl halides. It is also used as an industrial cleaning agent, an additive in drilling mud to increase alkalinity in bentonite in petroleum industry and as a powerful degreaser on stainless steel and glass bakeware. It is utilized in the Maxam-Gilbert DNA sequencing technique, chocolate and cocoa processing, soft drink processing, caramel coloring production and for thickening ice cream. It is often used to neutralize acids and prepare sodium salts of reagents. It forms a solution with sodium dodecyl sulfate and plays an important role for the decontamination of mycobacteria.
Soluble in water, methanol, glycerol and ethanol. Insoluble in acetone and ether.
Air sensitive and hygroscopic. It is deliquescent and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide in air. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids and organic materials.
Safety and Handling
GHS H Statement
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
GHS P Statement
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray.
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
Store locked up.
Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.
DOTInformation : Transport Hazard Class: 8; Packing Group: II; Proper Shipping Name: SODIUM HYDROXIDE, SOLID
RTECSNumber : WB4900000
TSCA : TSCA