Nitrobenzene is used as a solvent and as a starting material in the organic synthesis for the preparation of aniline, benzidine, azobenzene, nitrosobenzene, phenylhydroxylamine and acetaminophen. It is also used as a solvent for electrophilic reagents in synthetic chemistry. Further, it is used to prevent the unpleasant odor in shoe, floor and metal polishes. It acts as a precursor to rubber chemicals, azo dyes and pharmaceuticals.
Miscible with ethanol, diethyl ether, acetone, benzene and organic solvents. Slightly miscible with water and carbon tetrachloride.
Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents and strong bases.
|5° to 6°C|
|210° to 212°C|
Safety and Handling
GHS H Statement
Fatal if swallowed.
Fatal in contact with skin.
Fatal if inhaled.
Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Suspected of causing cancer.
Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.
GHS P Statement
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.
IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for
Specific treatment is urgent (see label).
Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
Store locked up.
Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.
DOTInformation : Transport Hazard Class: 6.1; Packing Group: II; Proper Shipping Name: NITROBENZENE
RTECSNumber : DA6475000
TSCA : TSCA