N-octane is mainly used as a solvent, fuel and as one of the standard values in octane rating scale. It is also used to prevent uneven burning of fuel in internal-combustion engines. Further, it acts as an antiknock agent for high compression engine fuels, lacquer diluents, blowing agent for foam rubber. In addition, it is used in rocket propellants and in azeotropic distillations.
Miscible with ethyl ether, ethanol, acetone, benzene, petroleum ether and gasoline. Slightly Miscible with alcohol. Immiscible with water.
Hygroscopic. Incompatible with oxidizing agents and acids
|125° to 126°C|
|Soluble in ether, Slightly soluble in alcohol|
Safety and Handling
GHS H Statement
Highly flammable liquid and vapour.
May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.
Causes skin irritation.
May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
GHS P Statement
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray.
IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.
Store locked up.
Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.
DOTInformation : Transport Hazard Class: 3; Packing Group: II; Proper Shipping Name: OCTANES
RTECSNumber : RG8400000
TSCA : TSCA