Description: The TS2/16 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD29, also known as integrin beta 1, an approximately 130 kDa single-pass transmembrane glycoprotein. CD29 complexes with one of nine integrin alpha subunits to form the very late antigen (VLA) subfamily of adhesion molecules. Integrin heterodimers containing CD29 are involved in cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion. CD29 is expressed broadly on lymphocytes and monocytes, with lower levels of expression on granulocytes. The TS2/16 antibody has been found to possess activating activity for beta 1 integrins. Applications Reported: This TS2/16 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis. Applications Tested: This TS2/16 antibody has been pre-diluted and tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This may be used at 5 μL (0.125 μg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (μg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 μL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. Super Bright 645 is a tandem dye that can be excited with the violet laser line (405 nm) and emits at 645 nm. We recommend using a 660/20 bandpass filter. Please make sure that your instrument is capable of detecting this fluorochrome. When using two or more Super Bright dye-conjugated antibodies in a staining panel, it is recommended to use Super Bright Staining Buffer (Product No.SB-4400) to minimize any non- specific polymer interactions. Please refer to the datasheet for Super Bright Staining Buffer for more information. Light sensitivity: This tandem dye is sensitive to photo-induced oxidation. Please protect this vial and stained samples from light. Fixation: Samples can be stored in IC Fixation Buffer (Product No. 00-8222) (100 μL of cell sample + 100 μL of IC Fixation Buffer) or 1-step Fix/Lyse Solution (Product No. 00-5333) for up to 3 days in the dark at 4 degrees C with minimal impact on brightness and FRET efficiency/compensation. Some generalizations regarding fluorophore performance after fixation can be made, but clone specific performance should be determined empirically. Excitation: 405 nm; Emission: 645 nm; Laser: Violet Laser CD28 antigen is a 44 kDa disulfide linked homodimeric T cell specific surface glycoprotein. CD28 is a cell adhesion molecule of the immunoglobulin superfamily which is constitutively expressed on most peripheral blood T lymphocytes. Moreover, CD28 is the critical T cell costimulatory receptor that provides the cell the important second activation signal by binding CD80 and CD86 which are expressed by antigen presenting cells. In addition to its co-stimulation role, CD28 functions by preventing T cells from entering an anergic-hyporesponsive state or from undergoing premature apoptotic cell death. In murine peripheral lymphoid organs and in the blood, all CD4+ and CD8+ T cells express CD28. In the thymus, CD28 expression is highest on immature CD3-, CD8+ and CD4+8+ cells, and on CD4-8- cells that express alpha/beta and gamma/delta TCR. The level of CD28 on mature CD4+ and CD8+ alpha/beta TCR+ thymocytes is two- to fourfold lower than on the immature cells. Diseases associated with CD28 dysfunction include mycosis fungiodes and Sezary’s Disease.
|4° C, store in dark, DO NOT FREEZE!|
|Super Bright 645|
|PBS with BSA and 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|