2-Succinimido-1,1,3,3-tetramethyluronium tetrafluoroborate (TSTU) acts as an efficient coupling agent through rapid activation of carboxylic acids to form N-succinimidyl active esters, which react with primary amines to form carboxamides. It is effective even in the presence of water. TSTU is selective towards amines in the presence of alcoholic group. It is employed as a coupling regent in the synthesis of peptides. With amine-protected alpha-amino acids, it brings about coupling without significant epimerization. It is useful for linking of sensor molecules with amino groups to amino-functionalized AFM (atomic force microscope) tips.
Soluble in acetonitrile, DMF, chloroform, dichlorormethane and acetonitrile.
Moisture sensitive, Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
|195° to 200°C|
Safety and Handling
GHS H Statement
Toxic if swallowed.
Causes skin irritation.
Causes serious eye irritation.
May cause respiratory irritation.
GHS P Statement
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray.
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
Store locked up.
Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.