15-Crown-5 is used as an efficient phase transfer catalyst and as a complexing agent. It is used to isolate oxonium ion (H7O3)+ salts especially from a solution of tetrchloroauric acid. It catalyzes the O-alkylation of the sodium salts of carboxylic acids in the penicillin and cephalosporin series, thereby facilitating esterification reaction without usage of acid. It is also used to facilitate the Williamson synthesis of ethers with hindered alcohols and sodium hydride. It is used with lithium aluminum hydride, for performing reduction reactions in hydrocarbon solvents. Further, it is involved in the Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reaction to prepare stilbenes from aldehydes.
Miscible with organic solvents.
Hygroscopic. Moisture sensitive. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents and strong acids.
|150°C to 155°C (0.5mmHg)|
Safety and Handling
GHS H Statement
Harmful if swallowed.
Causes skin irritation.
Causes serious eye irritation.
May cause respiratory irritation.
GHS P Statement
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray.
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do.
IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
Store locked up.
Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.
RTECSNumber : SB0200000
TSCA : TSCA